Maria Christina was eventually persuaded to drop her opposition. In Spain, the caudillo Franco ordered three days of national mourning.  The office was located in the Royal Palace. To date, he is the last monarch of Spain to have died whilst on the throne. In March 1935, he passed his naval exams in gunnery and navigation, which would have entitled him to become a lieutenant in the Royal Navy if he gave up his Spanish nationality. On 10 May 1907, the couple's first child, Alfonso, Prince of Asturias, was born. Juan Carlos is the grandson of Alfonso XIII, the last king of Spain prior to the monarchy's abolition in 1931 and the subsequent declaration of the Second Spanish Republic. ALFONSO XIII (1886–1941) BIBLIOGRAPHY.  On September 13, 1923, General Miguel Primo de Rivera, seized power in a military coup. His mother, Maria Christina (1858–1929), was regent until 1902. 1 In April 1931, General José Sanjurjo told him that even the army was not loyal. Alfonso was buried in the Church of Santa Maria in Monserrato degli Spagnoli, the Spanish national church in Rome, immediately below the tombs of Popes Callixtus III and Alexander VI. 11/9/2020, 5:17:55 PM. Just after he was born, he was carried naked to the Spanish prime minister Práxedes Mateo on a silver tray. "Plaza Libertad: The face of Ilonggo History", "Muere Leandro de Borbón, hijo de Alfonso XIII, a los 87 años", "Discussion on the 1931 addition of Jerusalem arms", Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreichs Bayern, Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Württemberg, "Japan to Decorate King Alfonso Today; Emperor's Brother Nears Madrid With Collar of the Chrysanthemum for Spanish King,", "Grand Crosses of the Order of the Tower and Sword", "พระราชทานเครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์ที่ประเทศยุโรป (ต่อแผ่นที่ ๙ หน้า ๑๓๐)", "Real Biblioteca – Búsqueda por ex libris", Visit by Alphonso XIII to Deauville in 1922 (with images), Archduke Karl Pius of Austria, Prince of Tuscany, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alfonso_XIII&oldid=991829126, Legitimist pretenders to the French throne, Burials at Santa Maria in Monserrato degli Spagnoli, Burials in the Pantheon of Kings at El Escorial, Grand Masters of the Order of the Golden Fleece, Grand Masters of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Recipients of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Collars of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Grand Masters of the Royal and Military Order of San Hermenegild, Recipients of the Royal and Military Order of Saint Hermenegild, Grand Crosses of the Royal and Military Order of San Hermenegild, Grand Crosses of the Order of Saint Stephen of Hungary, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown (Württemberg), Honorary Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Alfonso León Fernando María Jaime Isidro Pascual Antonio de Borbón y Habsburgo-Lorena, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 01:11. The story of the true successor of Alfonso XIII who would have prevented his nephew, Don Juan Carlos, from reigning.  Alfonso had not acted as a strict constitutional monarch, and supported the Africanists who wanted to conquer for Spain a new empire in Africa to compensate for the lost empire in the Americas and Asia. Juan Carlos I is a member of the Spanish royal family who reigned as King of Spain from November 1975 until his abdication in June 2014. He eventually settled in Rome. Infante Jaime, Duke o Segovia (23 Juin 1908 – 20 Mairch 1975) mairit twice an haed issue. Media relatit tae Alfonso … Since Alfonso's mother was not born a princess of royal descent, his grandfather Alfonso XIII did not consider young Alfonso in line to the Spanish throne in accordance with the Pragmatic Sanction of 1776. He died in Rome on 28 February of that year. 1857-1870 His Ryal Highness The Prince o Asturias.  In January 1980 his remains were transferred to El Escorial in Spain.. Juan was born at the Palace of San Ildefonso. When Spanish dictator Francisco Franco chose Juan Carlos as his successor in 1969, Felipe became second in line to the Spanish throne. When he came of age in May 1902, the week of his majority was marked by festivities, bullfights, balls and receptions throughout Spain. Predecessor: Alfonso XIII (as King of Spain) Successor: Felipe.  Alfonso XIII appointed General Dámaso Berenguer as the new Prime Minister, leading to the period known as the dictablanda. The King was so closely associated with the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera that it was difficult for him to distance himself from the regime that he had supported for almost seven years. Other articles where Organic Law is discussed: Spain: Franco’s Spain, 1939–75: The Organic Law of 1969 gave the regime a cosmetic constitution, and in 1969 Franco finally recognized Juan Carlos, grandson of Alfonso XIII, as his successor as king and head of state; Juan Carlos’s designation was rejected by the democratic opposition as a continuation of the… Juan Carlos I (Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias, born January 5, 1938) is a member of the Spanish royal family who reigned as King of Spain from November 1975 until his abdication in June 2014. Victoria was in fact a haemophilia carrier, and Alfonso inherited the condition. Alfonso XIII appears as "King Buby" in Luis Coloma's story of Ratoncito Pérez (1894), which was written for the King when he was 8 years old.
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